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Paternal Lineage

Ancestral Migration Routes

This test relies on portions of human DNA that are passed from father to son relatively unchanged through many generations. One could say that by examining these key parts of our DNA, our paternal history could be traced as far back as the first peoples who populated the earth. Scientific data shows that modern humans evolved as far back as 400,000 years ago in Africa and started moving outward.

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More Information

Only males have the Y chromosome, but if a female wants to find out about her paternal ancestry, she can ask her brother, father, or other relative along the same paternal line to take the test.


Test Overview

The paternal lineage test is based on the fact that the Y chromosome is passed down from father to child relatively unchanged through several generations. Special sections on the Y chromosome, called short tandem repeats (STRs), are examined to determine a person's Y haplogroup—revealing the geographic origins of his ancestors as evidenced by common DNA markers. To see a list of possible paternal haplogroups, and their descriptions, visit Y-STR haplogroups.

Paternal Migration Routes

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Y-STR Haplogroups

What You Receive

When you purchase a Paternal Lineage test, you will receive the following:

  • DNA Sample Collection Kit: easy-to-use, contains cheek swabs and complete instructions
  • Personalized Certificate PDF: Displays your haplogroup designation and map showing your ancestors' journey and where they initially settled in the old world. Results accessed online
  • Lineage Results Manual PDF: Explains your results in detail and provides more information about ancestry testing and human migration history.  Results accessed online
About Results

More Information About Paternal Lineage

Ancestral Migration Routes

Only males have the Y chromosome, but if a female wants to find out about her paternal ancestry, she can ask her brother, father, or other male relative along the same paternal line to take the test.